History of Benjamin Cazier Sr. By Helen Cazier Norton

In the spring of 1844 missionaries for the LDS Church came through their area. Most of the family was baptized in August of that year. The records show that Benjamin's baptismal date was December 1 1844, performed by George Best. Benjamin's mother, Pleasant Drake Cazier, died at Council Bluffs, Iowa in November of 1846 from the hardships the Saints who took refuge there had to undergo.

The marriage of Benjamin and Olive Lucy Shaw, daughter of John and Polly Maria Fox Shaw, took place on March 7 1848. Both families has resided at LeHarpe, Illinois. He states in his journal that on May 19, 1848, in company with Ezra Chase, John Shaw, C. H. Bryan and Mertillo Shaw they started from Highland Grove, Iowa. They were in the Lorenzo Snow Company. His obituary in the Deseret News says, "He built near Salt Lake City at first but in 1849 moved to Weber County, first settling on the Ogden River at what is now known as Farr's Fort." Their first child, Frederick, was born January 3, 1950 in a one room log cabin just west of the present site of the Old Mill near the mouth of Ogden Canyon. A group of Saints in 1851 decided to try to re-establish a settlement at North Ogden, three miles north of Ogden City. It had previously been necessary to abandon the one started by the Campbell brothers because of Indian troubles. Benjamin's second wife, Isabel, often told her family that he and his first wife, Olive Lucy, were one of the first three families to arrive at the scene. The date of March 4th is always celebrated by North Ogden as its founding date. Credited with being there by 1852 were Thomas Dunn, Lemuel Mallory, John Riddle, Benjamin Cazier, Newton D. Hall, Newman Blodgett, Enoch Burns, Solomon Campbell, David Garner, Gideon Alvord, Amos Andrus and Bailey Lake. The Cazier history parallels that of the North Ogden community. The North Ogden history in the Church Historian's office tells that a common school was started in 1852 with a widow by the name of Gheem as the school teacher. Good crops were gathered that year.

In 1854, the history continues, the Indians became so bad that a fort was constructed. Benjamin and Lucy's land, about 27 acres, was in the heart of the settlement, a narrow strip from the present 2600 Street to 2100 Street with the eastern border being about 575 East. Accordingly several families built their homes on the Cazier property inside the southwest corner of the fort. The old Cazier home was located on the east side of what became known as Pioneer Street. It was back of the southeast corner of the present garage at the present address 2568 North 550 East. Their first two large rooms were of adobe. Later a brick addition of two more large rooms were added.

Olive Lucy's parents originally located on the east side of Washington Blvd. Canyon Road was their south boundary line and the center of Mill Creek the north line and east eighty rods. Their sons, Myrtillo and William located there also. Ambrose located on the west side of Washington in that same area. Later John and Polly built by Benjamin and Olive Lucy's flowing well across the street from their home at the present address of 2557 North 550 East. Quoting again from the North Ogden history, peace was established

with the Indians that year but close watch was kept until the snow got deep enough for protection. Warm weather in the spring of 1855 hatched out hordes of grasshoppers. The settlers tried vainly but not enough grain was saved to provide seed and food. People lost nearly all their cattle because they had nothing to feed them. The winter ahead was unusually severe and the snow covered the ground until nearly the end of April. People, with hardly any exceptions, divided what they had. They dug sego roots. None died of starvation. In the spring they ate the early weeds and vegetation. The year 1859 was a prosperous one for North Ogden.

account in the Deseret News in 1864 states that Independence Day was celebrated with considerable enthusiasm in North Ogden that year. There was artillery firing at dawn, national flag ceremony and martial music at sunrise. Then followed the procession, reading of the Declaration of Independence, oration by Henry Holmes, speeches by Major Benjamin Cazier of the Utah Militia, George Rose and Major Jefferson Hunt. Afterward there was a sumptuous dinner served beneath the bowery. Three veterans of the Revolutionary War were present but their names were not given.

The militia used to drill down on the barrens west of Pleasant View near the Hot Springs. The Joseph Cazier family has placed the coat Major Benjamin wore in the Daughters of Utah Pioneers Museum at Salt Lake City. Benjamin, Jr.'s family was given the sword as a keepsake and William's family the hat.

It was Benjamin's privilege to keep the flag at his home. His fourth son, Joseph, could hardly sleep the night before any important occasion because he was afraid he might oversleep and miss the glorious experience of going with his father to run up the beloved flag at sunrise.

Like many other North Ogdenites, Benjamin took a contract to work with his teams and equipment on the railroad which culminated in the Golden Spike connection at Promontory Point. When the work was completed it was found the railroad did not have enough money to pay in full. Inasmuch as the railroad was a great boon to the future of Utah, Brigham Young advised the people to accept the settlement offer of twenty-five cents on the dollar. They surely could have used that other seventy-five cents cash but the eventual progress made up for it.

Benjamin and Olive Lucy had seven children: Frederick, Olive Ann, Viola, Celestia, Permelia, Benjamin Jr., and Pleasant Polly. On 14 September 1861 Olive Lucy died in childbirth. The baby Pleasant Polly lived 13 days, until 17 September. They were buried in her parents lot in Ogden City Cemetery. A Mrs. Mallory took Benjamin Jr. into her home. The Shaw family took care of Celestia and Permelia.